Lifestyle

Accurate assessment of heart rhythm can optimize chemotherapy use

Using the wrong mathematical formula to assess heartbeat rhythms may lead oncologists to inappropriately stop life-saving chemotherapy, according to research findings from UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center scientists. Standardizing the mathematical formulas for measuring heartbeat rhythms with electrocardiograms, and avoiding one commonly used formula, could reduce this unintended outcome, the researchers reported. The formulas in […]

Lifestyle

Frenchman rewarded for lifetime of research into narcolepsy

Emmanuel Mignot is one of the world’s leading experts on narcolepsy, a sleep disorder that he finds both “strange” and “fascinating.” The French-born Mignot has dedicated his life to studying the causes of narcolepsy and shedding light on one of the great biological mysteries—sleep. His discovery of the genetic and molecular causes of the disorder […]

Lifestyle

Study of scooter accidents uses simulations to suggest ways riders could reduce brain injuries

A team of researchers at Changsha University of Science and Technology, working with a colleague from Xiamen University of Technology, has found that scooter riders could reduce their chances of a brain injury in a crash if they better protected themselves. The researchers began their work after learning that accidents involving scooters are on the […]

Lifestyle

Successful implementation of precision medicine at a national level in Sweden

In Sweden, the key to the successful implementation of precision medicine in health care has been the bottom-up approach where academia and health care have joined forces to build a national infrastructure. Forty-two authors from the Clinical Genomics platform at SciLifeLab and Genomic Medicine Sweden, GMS. Together, Clinical Genomics and GMS have established an innovative […]

Lifestyle

Botox influences the control of emotions in the brain

The bacterial toxin botulinum toxin (BTX)—colloquially known as Botox—is probably known to most people as a remedy for wrinkles. But botulinum toxin can do even more: if it is injected into the forehead, for example, it can alleviate depression. It also dampens negative emotions in people with borderline personality disorder, who suffer from extreme mood […]

Lifestyle

New imaging technique could speed up development of eye disease treatments

Researchers have developed a simple and fast way to perform optoretinography, an imaging technique that measures light-induced functional activity in the eye’s retina, the network of neurons in the back of our eyes responsible for detecting light and initiating vision. More than 50% of people in the U.S. over age 60 are affected by retinal […]

Lifestyle

Awakening dormant cells to fight cancer

The advent of small-molecule targeted therapies, a decade ago, revolutionized the treatment of metastatic melanoma, provided that the tumors carry the mutations to respond to these treatments. However, despite a remarkable initial response that can be seen in a majority of patients, most of them will undergo relapse even after spectacular initial responses. These relapses […]